The word Jamdani is derived from the Persian word jam, meaning floral and 'Dani', a vase. It is named after decorative floral patterns found on Dhakai textile. Jamdani is a weaving technique of figured cotton textiles, in transparent plain ground, with designs of extra weft. Design motifs are directly woven by weavers from their memory without the help of any design device. They adapted a traditional and indigenous technique which involves ‘throw shuttle’ (presently fly shuttle is used) and extra weft insertion by needle. Jamdani motifs are known by different names viz. ‘panna’, ‘hajar’, ‘dubli’, ‘jal’, ‘butidar’, ‘tersa’, ‘charkona’ ,’fulwar’, ‘duria’,’belwari’ etc. depending upon the arrangements . Motifs of Jamdani fabrics are mainly of geometrical and floral concepts adopted from local environment like flowers, leaves, mango, zig-zag lines etc. Also, it covers ‘Hazzar buti (One thousand) , Tagar ful, Bokul ful , Dorakata, Mala etc. The special design pattern of paisley motif in the corners of palloo portion, locally known as ‘konia’ is produced by skilled Jamdani weavers. The availability of Jamdani in Bengal can be traced back in the first century BCE as the historical accounts suggest. Jamdani is a handloom woven fabric made of cotton, which historically was referred to as muslin. Historically, Bengal Muslin has been recognized as a cotton fabric of legendary lightness and distinctive motifs by many world travelers.